Public ownership of Irish water guaranteed - Costello
4 December 2014
Speaking in Dáil Éireann on the Water Services Bill
I welcome the opportunity to speak on the Water Services Bill. This bill addresses the concerns that many people had with Irish Water.
There is no doubt that mistakes were made in establishing Irish Water and that many people have real concerns about its operation. It is important and right that these concerns were addressed by the Government. The opposition complained that the public were not being listened to and now they complain that the public are being listened to! We know that no matter what was in this bill that there is a fringe element that will never be satisfied. They are only interested in protesting—peaceful or violent is all the same to them. Achieving a solution is an anathema to them.
No one likes to pay extra charges, but the new measures will, I believe, help to ensure that the charges are fair and as affordable as possible.
The new measures will greatly simplify how bills will be calculated and will bring clarity so that people can be sure how much they will be paying. There will be only be two capped charges—with the Water Conservation Grant, single adult households will pay a maximum of €60 per year and multi-adult households will pay a maximum of €160 per year. These capped charges will remain in place until 2019. There will also continue to be a free allowance of 21,000 litres for each child in the house. The changes will mean that a water meter can only reduce the bill for water.
Water services are clearly a natural monopoly and of great strategic importance; therefore it must, as the Government has always indicated, remain in public ownership. The legislation establishing Irish Water always prohibited its privatisation. The Water Services (No. 2) Act 2013 prohibits the shareholders of Irish Water - the Minister for the Environment, Community and Local Government, and the Minister for Finance, and the board of Irish Water - from disposing of their shares. However, there remained concerns that, at some future date, by some future Government, there was a possibility that it would be privatised. Therefore, I welcome that this bill will strengthen the prohibition on the privatisation of Irish Water. This bill will mean that water services in Ireland can only ever be privatised if the Irish people agree to it in a plebiscite. It would be a reckless Government that would seek to repeal that legislation. This I believe has the same effect as holding a referendum without the unintended consequences that holding a referendum often have in Ireland and without the substantial cost.
The previous organisation of water services in Ireland did not make use of the natural monopoly that exists, and the 34 separate authorities that operated water services were unable to exploit the economies of scale that are available. There are 1,027 drinking water supplies is the country, and the small scale of many of these supplies means that the system is nowhere near as efficient as it could be. It makes no sense to continue operating water services at the county level. Water does not respect county lines. In time, the creation of a unified public utility should result in significant efficiencies and drive down the cost of water. For example, the creation of Scottish Water as a unified public utility resulted in efficiencies that resulted in an almost 40% reduction in operating costs in Scotland.
The opposition is devoid of ideas of how water services should be funded or operated. Their only idea is to continue with the system that has failed us for many years and left us with crumbling water infrastructures and, in too many areas, water supply that does not meet the most basic standards. The establishment of Irish Water will allow the funding required to improve our water infrastructure to be raised off the Government’s balance sheet. This means that the investment so desperately needed will not compete with other pressing demands such as the health or education budget.
The Environmental Protection Agency has said that there are 126 drinking water plants that currently need upgrades. While some of the needed upgrades are minor, others need enormous capital investment. Until the work is carried out, our people will risk continued water restrictions and health risks.
Furthermore, the 58,000 km of drinking water pipelines are in urgent need of repair. It is estimated that 40 percent of all treated water is lost. This incredible level of wasted water is entirely unacceptable and cannot be allowed to continue. The metering program will enable the location of these leaks to identified, and the necessary work can then be carried out. On top of the water being lost, there are also 140,000 households at risk of lead poisoning. These old lead pipes must also be replaced.
The Dublin water supply is in a particularly precarious position. We will remember how, last year, an issue at Ballymore Eustace treatment plant resulted in water supply restrictions across many parts of Dublin. Substantial investment is required in Dublin to ensure that there is a safe and secure water supply in the future.
But without the off-balance sheet borrowing that the creation of Irish Water allows, it is unlikely that the necessary funding will ever be available for all this essential work to be carried out.
Irish Water will continue to have an important role in water conservation. Water conservation enhances our environment, protects drinking water resources, and saves money. While no one wants to see extra costs being imposed on households, the introduction of water charges will result in improved water conservation. If households reduce their water use by 10 to 15 percent, it is estimated half of these household will lower their water bill.
One of the concerns that had been raised by a number of people was the high costs for families were adult children remained in the family home. These children in many cases would be students and have no or very little income. These new proposals address this concern.
Another common concern has been the mandatory provision of PPS numbers to Irish Water. This legislation will mean that Irish Water will no longer be able to request details of PPS numbers. Moreover, I also welcome that Irish Water will delete any PPS data already collected during the customer registration process.
I would also ask the Minister to examine the possibility of providing a grant aided scheme to encourage people to harvest rainwater. The cost of a rainwater barrel, the piping and pumping of the water through the house for nondrinking purposes should be subsidised. Such harvesting of rainwater would greatly reduce the consumption of treated water, thus reducing the cost to Irish Water and, more importantly, to the Irish citizen.
Water supply and wastewater treatment in Ireland will be transformed in the years ahead. Unfortunately, previous governments underinvested in our water infrastructure. It is now essential that we deliver the level of infrastructure we need to meet demographic, economic and environmental requirements in the future. The development of a unified, publicly owned water utility in the shape of Irish Water will help secure our long-term economic development and enhance water conservation.